A “mycorrhiza” is a relationship between a fungus and the roots of a plant. The fungus lives inside the plant roots, and increases the roots’ efficiency in absorbing nutrients from the soil. In such a relationship, both the plants and the fungi, are said to be mycorrhizal and this relationship between plant roots and its associated fungi (“mycorrhizal fungi”) is, amongst other things, important for plant growth.
The South American armoured catfish family Loricariidae includes more than 700 nominal species. Some are popular aquarium fishes in the global pet trade. Releases by aquarists and escape from fish farms have resulted in several armoured catfish invasions in Central and North America, Asia and now, Africa.